A national survey by the Pew Research Center, conducted March 13-17, 2013, found that seven in 10 Americans say there should be a way for people in the United States illegally to remain in the country if they meet certain requirements. Only 27% disagree with this sentiment, claiming illegal residents should not be allowed to stay legally.
The survey found that the majority of individuals across all demographic and political groups believed there should be a way for illegal immigrants who meet certain requirements to stay in the US legally. 43% claimed the immigrants should be eligible for citizenship, while 24% opted for eligibility for permanent residency.
In 2011, there were approximately 40 million immigrants in the United States. Of that total, 11.1 million, or 28%, were in this country illegally.
When asked about immigrants in general, 49% of Americans reported that they strengthen the country because of hard work and talent. A similar survey in 2010 reported that 39% of the American public saw immigrants as producing a positive impact on the US.
Moreso, even more (about 52%) Americans think that the growing number of newcomers in the United States strengthens society.
Broken down by ethnicity, a wide range of Americans believe in creating a path for citizenship, or at least legal residency. Eight in 10 non-Hispanic blacks (82%) and Hispanics (80%) say those in the US illegally should be allowed to stay, given certain requirements. 52% of blacks and 49% of Hispanics say illegal immigrants should be able to become citizens. Two thirds of non-Hispanic whites (67%) say illegal immigrants should be allowed to stay in the country legally, while 31% disagree. Four in ten whites say illegal residents should have the chance to apply for citizenship if they meet certain requirements.
Politically speaking, 76% of Democrats, 70% of Independents and 64% of Republicans say illegal immigrants should be allowed to obtain legal residency, provided they meet certain requirements.
The survey was conducted through a series of telephone interviews that took place between March 13-17, 2013. The survey included a national sample of 1,501 adults over the age of 18, living in all US states, including Washington DC.
根据皮尤研究中心2013年3月13-17日的民调显示，对于那些通过非法途径进入美 国但目前若达到相关要求的人群，70%的美国人认为应该为他们铺平合法通道。只 有27%的人不同意这种看法，声称这些非法居民不允许合法在美生活。
调查发现，大多数美国人和政治团体认为应该为非法移民但目前以达到相关要求 的人群铺平合法居住的道路。43%的美国民众同意这些移民可获得公民身份，另 24%的民众则认为他们可获得永久居留资格。
问及对移民群体的总体看法，49%的美国民众表示他们促进了国家的发展，主要是 因为移民群体工作更加努力且有技能。2010年一份类似的民调也显示39%的美国 公众认为移民群体积极促进了美国经济发展。
此外，约52%的美国人认为新进人群的不断增长增强了美国社会发展。 从种族肤色角度而言，大部分美国人认为应该打通公民通道，至少允许合法居留。 82%的非拉丁裔黑人以及拉丁裔80%认为只要达到相关条件要求，至少应允许合法 居留。52%的黑人和49%的拉丁裔人群表示非法移民应该可以成为美国公民。三分 之二约67%的非拉丁裔白人认为对于非法移民，至少应该允许符合条件的人群可以 获得合法居留。31%的人表示反对。四分之一的白人也表示只要他们符合一定要 求，应该给他们机会申请美国公民身份。